These are, like everything else, embroidered. They range from 20,000 stitches to almost 150,000 stitches for the larger, more detailed ones. These take up 5 hours to embroider. In some cases, like the sayings, you will be given the opportunity to choose your own embroidery colours and background fabric. Some of them, however, due to the detail and number of colours of thread are only available as seen. The background fabric colour is yours to choose.